What are the exact ten avatars of Vishnu?

2017-07-17 11:46:19

I know that there are many avatars of Vishnu but some say that the famous Dashavatar include lord Buddha (Wiki) and some say as Balarama (hinduism.about.com). but Mohini avatar is not considered as part of Ten avatars.

What are the exact famous Dasavatarms as mentioned in Scriptures?

This isn't a proper answer, but then again I don't think there can be a proper answer. The notion of Dasavatharam isn't a notion that's found in Hindu scriptures; there are countless avatarams of Vishnu found in Hindu scriptures, such as the approximately twenty-four avatarams of Vishnu found in the Srimad Bhagavatam, and different people have made different lists of what they think the "top ten" should be. People have generally settled on the first seven: Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha, Vamana, Parashurama, and Rama. The question is one who the last three are. The four contenders are Balarama, Krishna, Buddha, and Kalki.

Some people consider Balarama to be purely an avataram

  • This isn't a proper answer, but then again I don't think there can be a proper answer. The notion of Dasavatharam isn't a notion that's found in Hindu scriptures; there are countless avatarams of Vishnu found in Hindu scriptures, such as the approximately twenty-four avatarams of Vishnu found in the Srimad Bhagavatam, and different people have made different lists of what they think the "top ten" should be. People have generally settled on the first seven: Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha, Vamana, Parashurama, and Rama. The question is one who the last three are. The four contenders are Balarama, Krishna, Buddha, and Kalki.

    Some people consider Balarama to be purely an avataram of Vishnu's serpent Adiseshan, so they say Krishna, Buddha, Kalki. Sri Vaishnavas consider Adiseshan himself to be an avataram of Vishnu, so they say Balarama, Krishna, Kalki. (And it may even be due to some skepticism about whether Buddha is an avataram at all.) Gaudiya Vaishnavas like Jayadeva give

    2017-07-17 11:47:31
  • Bhrigu rishi cursed Vishnu to take repeated births on earth (Devi Bhagavata, 4.12.8,9) for which He is taking innumerable incarnations here and we are having a problem to decide what are the exact dashaavataras.

    When scriptures describe the avatars of Vishnu, which are infinite, they include both Balarama and Buddha as Vishnu's incarnations. For example, Shrimad Bhagavatam says as below:

    In the nineteenth and twentieth incarnations, the Lord advented

    Himself as Lord Balarāma and Lord Kṛṣṇa in the family of Vṛṣṇi and by so doing He removed the burden of the world. [SB - 1.3.23]

    Then, in the beginning of Kali-yuga, the Lord will appear as Lord Buddha, the son of Añjanā, in the province of Gayā, just for the

    purpose of deluding those who are envious of the faithful theist. [SB - 1.3.24]

    So also, Garuda Puran mentions both Balarama and Buddha as an incarnations of Vishnu:

    ekonaviṃśe viṃśatime vṛṣṇiṣu prāpya janmanī

    rāmakṛṣṇāviti bhuvo bhagavānaharadbharam

    t

    2017-07-17 12:08:44
  • Please refer to Jayadeva Goswami's Dasavataram stotra here

    The ten avatars described are:

    Matsya

    Kurma

    Varaha

    Nrsimha

    Vamana

    Parasurama

    Rama

    Balarama

    Buddha

    Kalki

    There is also a list of the 22 scheduled incarnations of Lord Visnu in the Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3

    Those are described as the four Kumaras, Varaha, Narada, Nara and Narayana Rsi, Kapila, Dattatreya, Yajna, Rsabhadeva, Prthu, Matsya, Kurma, Dhanvantari, Mohini, Nrsimha, Vamana, Parasurama, Vyasadeva, Balarama, Krishna, Buddha, and Kalki.

    You can see there is some overlap between them but the Srimad Bhagavatam gives a more comprehensive list.

    2017-07-17 12:20:53
  • Although Purans do not explicitly mention Dash Avatar, but we can deduce it commonly.. Akrura prays to the incarnations of Lord inside Yamuna river (famously known as Akrura Dashavatar stuti ) when he sees the past and future incarnations of Lord there.. He prays to major 10 incarnations also adding Lord Hayagriva. He calls the form Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradyumna and Aniruddha as the form of Lord of Satvas [ ie. Lord Krishna ]. I think the concept of 10 Avatar came from here as the Purans do not focus so much about Lord Hayagriva...

    Bhagwat Puran

    १०४००१७१ नमः कारणमत्स्याय प्रलयाब्धिचराय च

    १०४००१७३ हयशीष्णे नमस्तुभ्यं मधुकैटभमृत्यवे

    १०४००१८१ अकू पाराय बृहते नमाे मन्दरधारिणे

    १०४००१८३ क्षित्युद्धारविहाराय नमः शूकरमूर्तये

    १०४००१९१ नमस्तेऽद्भूतसिंहाय साधुलाेकभयापह

    १०४००१९३ वामनाय नमस्तुभ्यं क्रान्तत्रिभुवनाय च

    १०४००२०१ नमाे भृगुणां पतये द्दप्तक्षत्रवनच्छिदे

    १०४००२०३ नमस्ते रघुवर्याय रावणान्तकराय च

    १०४००२११ नमस्ते वासुदेवाय नमः सड़्करषणाय च

    १०४००२१३ प्रद्युन्म

    2017-07-17 12:34:06
  • Supreme lord's reincarnations may not be predictable. They might be happening all the time at many places without our knowledge.

    During MahAbhArata ShAnti Parva, few of the important reincarnations are described:

    Endued with four forms, I shall, in this way, achieve many feats of great prowess, and attain at last to those regions of felicity created by me and honoured by all the Brahmanas. Appearing in the forms of a

    1. swan,

    2. a tortoise,

    3. a fish,

    O foremost of regenerate ones, I shall then display myself as

    4. a boar,

    5. then as a Man-lion (Nrisingha),

    6. then as a dwarf,

    7. then as Rama of Bhrigu's race,

    8. then as Rama, the son of Dasaratha,

    9. then as Krishna the scion of the Sattwata race,

    10. and lastly as Kalki.

    When the auditions in the Vedas disappeared from the world, I brought them back.

    2017-07-17 12:51:32
  • Puranas describe many incarnations of Vishnu, Shiva and Devi. As the question is on incarnations of Vishnu, I will restrict my answer to this aspect only.

    After reading about Vedic Literature in Internet (I am not a sanskrit scholar), Valmiki Ramayana (It is the only authoritative text on Ramayana), Mahabharata and Puranas, I concluded that the following might be the order in which the literature came into existence.

    (1) Vedic Literature (Only 3 vedas please - Atharvana veda is an addition at a later date) , (2) Srimad Ramayana (3) Mahabharata (4) Puranas. Till Mahabharata period, i.e., around 3102 B.C., the Puranas were not written and Vedic Pantheon were used to be adored.

    In Vedic Era, Lord Brahma was Lord of all Lokas, (Lokadhipati), and the Ultimate boon giver, Indra's place is next to him (Lord of Devatas - Devesam) and Vayu, Agni, Varuna, Vishnu, etc are among 33 Gods we have. Vishnu's definitely used to assist Indra and Gods occasionally, but not did not have the status

    6 days ago
  • As many pointed out, there are many views of the composition of the list. Hence it depends on whom you would like to follow to have the meaning of your word exact in your question.

    If I were you, I would follow vaishnava philosophy and Swami Sri Desikan is considered as authority (though there are branches which do not follow his principles, no one disagrees with the contribution that he has done). As per that swamy who composed dasaavathara stotram. This stotram enumerates the dasaavatar as:

    Matsya

    Koorma

    Varaha

    Narasimha

    Vamana

    Parasurama

    Sri Rama

    Sri Balarama

    Sri Krishna

    Kalki

    The 4000 divya prabandam is composed on 12 Azhwars whose time span was before Swami Desikan (and may be before the Buddha period) says:

    மீனோ டாமை கேழலரி குறளாய் முன்னு மிராமனாய்த்

    தானாய் பின்னு மிராமனாய்த் தாமோ தரனாய்க் கற்கியும்

    ஆனான் றன்னை கண்ணபுரத் தடியேன் கலிய னொலிசெய்த

    தேனா ரின்சொல் தமிழ்மாலை செப்பப் பாவம் நில்லாவே.

    Its explanation and translation given in DravidaVeda.org says:

    This nectar-sw

    6 days ago